A-Z List


Music Therapy and Nursing

Problems-goals-methodologies list

Compiled by Bethany Radde



Strevy, S. R. (1999). Listen to the music: If it improves the way you feel, think how it might help your patients. Nursing 99. 29, 4, 32hn6-32hn8.
Call #: UWEC McIntyre Library - (Journals Current).

Problem: treating patients with music or treating them without music

Goal: have patients listen to music and improve the way they think and feel

Methodology: using various forms of music during nursing procedures; example during stretching exercises

Chalan, L., & Tracy, M. F. (1999). Music therapy in Critical Care: Indications and guidelines for intervention. Critical Care Nurse. 19, 3. 35-40.
Call #: UWEC McIntyre Library - (Journals Current).

Problem: when a nurse should use music therapy interventions and when they shouldn’t; example is to use music with patients with terminal illness

Goal: to use music therapy intervention in appropriate situations to help a patient in some way; when used with patients with terminal illness there is a reduction in anxiety and stress levels.

Methodology: Music Therapy Assessment Tool (MAIT) can be used to tell when music therapy should be used or whether or not it should be used at all.

Berlin, B. K. (1998). Pediatric Update: Music therapy with children during invasive procedures: Our emergency department's experience. Journal of Emergency Nursing. 24, 6. 607-608.
Call #: UWEC McIntyre Library - (Journals Current).

Problem: children having invasive procedures

Goal: use music to help the child feel less stress, anxiety, and pain

Methodology: using the music in the emergency department setting with children during invasive procedures

Olson, S. L. (1998). Beside medical care: Applications in pregnancy, childbirth, and neonatal care. JOGNN. 27, 5. 569-574.
Call #: UWEC McIntyre Library - (Journals Current).

Problem: how can music be beneficial when used during pregnancy, childbirth, neonatal care, and first few years of child’s life

Goal: to see a positive effect when using music during pregnancy, childbirth, neonatal care, and the first few years of child’s life

Methodology: using music during the above mentioned stages to positively affect the patient’s overall well being

Hoffman, J. (1997). Alternatives: Tuning to the power of music. RN. 60, 6. 52-54.
Call #: UWEC McIntyre Library - (Journals Current).

Problems: how to help patients who experience extreme amounts of pain or suffering; example patients with terminal illness

Goals: to lessen the pain these patients feel, for there to be some improvement in their health

Methodology: with music therapy helped achieve a deep state of relaxation, relieve insomnia, enable patients to recall suppressed memories, lower blood pressure, and even help normalize cardiac arrhythmias

Ezzone, S., Baker, C., Rosselet, R., & Terpka, E. (1998). Music as adjunct to antiemetic therapy. Oncology Nursing forum. 25, 9. 1551-1556.
Call #: UWEC McIntyre Library - (Journals Current).

Problems: nausea and vomiting, emotional stressors on gastric acid secretion

Goals: to use music therapy intervention in order to reduce nausea, vomiting, and emotional stressors

Methodology: self-selected music was used for decreasing the effects of emotional stressors on gastric acid secretion and for decreasing nausea and vomiting


Denney, A. (1997). Quiet music: An intervention for mealtime agitation. Journal of Gerontological Nursing. 23, 7. 16-23.
Call #: UWEC McIntyre Library - (Journals Current).

Problem: patients who have dementia and agitation which results in interference in other aspects of life, such as lunchtime

Goal: for music to be a therapeutic tool which causes a reduction in the incidence of agitated behaviors in patients with dementia

Methodology: music that is slow and considered neutral in mood, with a tempo at or below the human heart rate was played at lunchtime

Author: Gerber, S. (?). The sound of healing. Vegetarian Times. 68-79.
Call #: UWEC McIntyre Library - (Journals Current).

Problem: those suffering from various illnesses including the common cold, influenza, and chicken pox

Goal: the use of music intervention to aid in the healing process of those suffering from various illnesses

Methodology: listening to the music, and using music therapy with people suffering from these illnesses to speed up the healing process

Clark, M. E., Lipe, A. W., & Bilbrey, M. (1998). Use of music to decrease aggressive behaviors in people with dementia. Journal of Gerontological Nursing. 24, 7. 10-17.
Call #: UWEC McIntyre Library - (Journals Current).

Problem: aggressive behaviors among dementia patients

Goal: use music to lessen the occurrence of aggressive behaviors among dementia patients

Methodology: using recorded, preferred music with dementia patients

Janelli, L. M., & Kanski, G. (1997). Music intervention with physically restrained patients. Rehabilitation Nursing. 22, 1. 14-18.
Call #: UWEC McIntyre Library - (Journals Current).

Problem: how to calm down patients who have been restrained for various reasons

Goal: patients listen to music and display positive behaviors

Methodology: patients were out of their restraints and listening to music

Chalan, L. (1998). Effectiveness of music therapy intervention on relaxation and anxiety for patients receiving ventilatory assistance. Heart and Lung Journal of Acute Critical Care. 27, 3. 169-176.
Call #: UWEC McIntyre Library - (Journals Current).

Problem: the balance between anxiety and relaxation for patients undergoing mechanical ventilation

Goal: listening to music to experience greater relaxation and less anxiety

Methodology: asingle music therapy session where patients listened to music

Wiens, M. E., Reimer, M. A., & Guyn, H.L. (1999). Music therapy as a treatment method for improving respiratory muscle strength in patients with advanced multiple sclerosis: A pilot study. Rehabilitation Nursing. 24, 2. 74-80.
Call #: UWEC McIntyre Library - (Journals Current).

Problem: treatment method for patients with multiple sclerosis

Goal: main focus is on the use of music to help the patients with their respiratory controls and muscle building for the muscles used in breathing

Methodology: patients receive music therapy treatment

Stanley, J. M. (1998). The effect of music and multimodal stimulation on responses of premature infants in Neonatal Intensive Care. Pediatric Nursing 24, 6. 532-538.
Call #: UWEC McIntyre Library - (Journals Current).

Problem: premature infants

Goal: decrease days to discharge and increase the weight gain per day

Methodology: infants in the study received 15-30 minute sessions of Brahm's Lullaby one or two times per week

Phillips, K. D., & Morrow, J. (1998). Nursing management of anxiety in HIV patients. Issues in Mental Health Nursing. 19, 4. 375-397.
Call #: UWEC McIntyre Library - (Journals Current).

Problem: high anxiety, especially in patients with AIDS

Goal: reducing anxiety

Methodology: The Music Therapy portion explains how sound stimulates the right hemisphere of the brain, which contains centers for intuition, nonverbal communication, pictures, creativity, and healing. The left hemisphere is usually more dominant and controlling than the right side. Music Therapy helps restore balance and communication between the two hemispheres.

Megel, M. E., Houser, C.W., & Gleaves, L. S. (1998). Children's responses to immunization: Lullabies as a distraction. Inssues in Comprehensive Pediatric Nursing. 21, 3. 130-143.
Call #: UWEC McIntyre Library - (Journals Current).

Problem: physiological and behavioral distress and perceived pain among children during routine immunization

Goal: use music to help decrease physiological and behavioral distress and perceived pain among children during routine immunization

Methodology: audio taped lullabies

Hunter, B, C. (1999). Singing as a therapeutic agent, in the Etude, 1891-1949. The Journal of Music Therapy. 36, 2. 125-43.
Call #: (?).

Problem: different problems music therapy can encounter such as the use of music as light gymnastics, the hygienic values of singing, benefits of Opera singing, and improved digestion due to singing and listening to music

Goal: to have music be a therapeutic agent in many different areas

Methodology: singing, listening, playing music