A-Z List


Language Disorders

Problem Areas for Clients

  • Poor coordination of breath and vocal mechanisms
  • Poor articulation
  • Lack of vocabulary
  • Inability to remember speech sounds
  • Inability to speak in complete sentences
  • Poor grammar and syntax skills
  • Inaccurate speech rhythms and inflections
  • Mixing up the order of words in a sentence or order of syllables within a word
  • Abnormal rate of speech
  • Weak oral musculature
  • Inability to communicate with loved ones or medical staff resulting in increased feelings of frustration, anger, and loneliness
  • Difficulty expressing one's emotions
  • Apraxia-disorder of the motor memory for speech articulation
  • Difficulty with initiation of phonation
  • Inappropriate speech volume
  • Limited vocal range
  • Word retrieval problems
  • Poor breath support
  • Fluency problems
Music therapy goals for targeting these problem areas
  • Expanding vocal range
  • Adjusting the level of the Fundamental frequency(lowering it or raising it)
  • Improving verbal intelligibility
  • Developing stronger breath support
  • Strengthening muscles involved in producing speech
  • Increasing verbalization
  • Developing accurate rhythm and inflections
  • Improving articulation
  • Improving receptive language skills
  • Improving expressive language skills
  • Encouraging emotional expression
  • Promoting self-confidence, self-esteem, and self-image
  • Improving social skills
  • Improving word retrieval
  • Maintaining appropriate speech volume
  • Increasing initiation of phonation
Music Therapy methods used for treatment of language and speech disorders

Engaging in rhythmic stimulation for the purpose of monitoring the rate of speech

Vocal exercises to expand vocal range

Learning how to produce proper sounds while relying on physical senses(touching therapist's throat for imitation purposes, paying attention to own oral-motor musculature when making different sounds to increase the amount of breath and muscular control by playing simple wind instruments, and practicing breathing and blowing exercises

Participating in music activities that elicit any kind of verbal responses such as:

  • humming, producing vowel sounds or consonant-vowel combinations
  • selecting background music that would help to increase verbalization
  • selecting activities that would increase self-confidence
  • singing special songs and chants to target specific goals for articulation and sound production
  • use of singing, white noise and rhythmic stimulation to improve stuttering
  • specially selected melodies and phrases that would correspond to the natural rhythms and inflection of speech to promote proper production of sounds
  • composing song lyrics
  • filling in missing words when singing during fill-in-the-blank activities
  • Melodic Intonation Therapy