A-Z List


Journal Articles

Compiled by Korinne Palluconi - December 1999

Kneafsey, R. (1997). The therapeutic use of music in a care of the elderly setting: A literature review. Journal of Clinical Nursing. 6, 5. 341-346.
Call #: (?).

This review of recent literature concerning the use of music and music therapy on elderly in health care discussed the use of music on patients with dementia and Parkinson's disease. Different methods to use in controlling pain, anger and physical movements are evaluated. /RE/TE

Palo-Bengtsson, L. & Ekman, S. (1997). Social dancing in the care of persons with dementia in a nursing home setting. Scholary Inquiry for Nursing Practice. 11, 2. 101-123.
Call #: (?).

This study described the effects of social dancing on residents when used in the care of persons with dementia in a nursing home setting. Social dancing at the nursing home was found in this study to be very positive and successful for patients with dementia. A ten-year study of the videotaped sessions interpreted by Giorgi's method of phenomenological analysis revealed that dance music was a good stimulus for making social contacts. Earlier-trained social patterns, habits, and general rules seemed to “awaken” to life in the persons with dementia. /SO/CG/TE

Ragneskog, H. & Kihlgren, M. (1997). Music and other strategies to improve the care of agitated patients with dementia: Interviews with experienced staff. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences. 11, 3. 176-182.
Call #: (?).

In this study, 17 experienced formal caregivers from nursing homes and collective residential units were interviewed about their experiences with agitated patients with dementia and strategies to improve their care. Several specific questions were asked concerning sound and music. Evaluation of the responses showed that a calm atmosphere with slow paced sounds or music were important strategies to control agitation. Several responders had successfully used music to calm individual agitated patients. /MC/RE/LG

Sollier, P. (1998). Ask the physician. Healing with music. Alternative Medicine. 25. 34-38.

This short article stated that using the music of Mozart and the sounds of familiar voices can prompt a reduction in depression and agitation as well as an increase in overall mood of elderly clients by retraining associations the ear hears. /MC/GE

Compiled by Jesse Marx - Fall "96"

P - Practical
A - Assessment
T - Theoretical Framework
S - Songs/Music
AC - Activities

Andresen, G. (1995). Caring for people with Alzheimer's Disease: A training manual for direct care providers. Maryland: Health Professions Press. P.O. Box 10624 Baltimore.
Call #: RC 523. A53 - UWEC McIntyre Library (Main Stacks).

This manual is outlined as an instructional aide to educate health care professionals and family members for the purpose of improving the level of care provided to people with Alzheimer's disease or related disorders. The first six units (1-Overview of Dementia, 2-Communication, 3-Managing Personal Care and Nutrition, 4-Managing Difficult Behaviors: Wandering, Inappropriate Sexual Behavior, Anger, and Catastrophic Reactions, 5-Medications for Depressions and Behavior Amelioration, 6-Supporting the Caregivers) include learning objectives, lesson content, a quiz, and instructor help. Unit 7 provides information on the benefits and basic provisions of special care units in long-term care facilities. The appendixes contain assessment tools used to evaluate dementia, teaching supplements that can be used for making transparencies or handouts, and suggested readings. An Instructor's Guide is designed to provide assistance for the instructor or trainer in preparation for an education session and how to conduct a session.

Bright, R. (1972). Music in geriatic care. New York: St. Martin's Press. 175 Fifth Avenue. New York.
Call #: ML 3920. B645 M9 - UWEC McIntyre Library (Main Stacks).

This book is a reference for theoretical considerations and practical considerations when working with the geriatric population. Music is addressed in relation to socializing, psychotherapy, learning, and motivation and achievement. Outlines for music therapy in brain damage and neurological disease; orthopedic disabilities; respiratory diseases; treatment of the confused, the senile, and the psychotic; music for the blind; and long-stay and terminal care are located in a chapter on music in specific conditions. The author states types of clients who should be excluded from musical activities in a chapter on contraindications. The practical considerations section highlights planning music for social situations and discussion group work. For specific needs (gross motor skills, relaxation, respiration, coordination and rebuilding proprioception, and rehabilitation after brain damage) there are suggested activities and rhymes. Music therapy is explained by activities and techniques for use with clients who have multiple sclerosis, Huntington's disease, and Parkinson's disease. Equipment and staffing problems are addressed, followed by an index. At the end of each chapter, there are lists of references for the material covered.

Chavin, M. (1991). The lost chord: Reaching the person with dementia through the power of music.  Maryland: Elder Song Publication. P.O. Box 74. Mt. Airy.

Call #: ML 3920.C39 - UWEC McIntyre Library (Main Stacks).

This book is designed to assist the family or professional caregiver in providing quality musical experiences. The first part of the book focuses on Alzheimer's disease and other dementing illnesses, common behaviors exhibited by these types of individuals and how to work with them, communicating with this type of population, and developing client-centered programming for dementia patients. The second part of the book contains suggested music activities appropriate for individuals in the different states of dementia. Chapters included in the second part focus on practical considerations in using music with older adults, music programming at the Alzheimer's Family Care Center, adapting music groups, reminiscence groups, music games, songwriting, sing-alongs, music groups for lower-functioning persons with dementia, sensory stimulation groups, and working with persons who need to pace. Goals are stated at the beginning of each chapter, followed by detailed activities. Patient examples are used throughout the book when discussing goals and objectives. The appendix contains reference lists for readings and musical resources.

Clements, C. B. (1994). The arts/fitness quality of life activities program: Creative ideas for working with older adults in group settings. Maryland: Health Profession Press. P.O. Box 10624. Baltimore.
Call #: GV 184. C54 1994 - UWEC McIntyre Library (Main Stacks).

The majority of the manual consists of activity plans in fitness and the arts that were created to strengthen the links between healthy bodies, healthy minds, and emotions. This can be used as a source book of ideas to assist in developing interdisciplinary programming for older adults. It focuses on considerations when working with older adult learners and provides an introduction to the disciplines of fitness, drama, art, and dance. Part II of this manual is organized by months, and each month includes activities in each of the four disciplines. Each activity or lesson is related to the themes noted for each month. For each activity, there are goals, materials, and suggestions for before, during, and after the activity. There is also an Appendix for planning a field trip to a local art museum, a list of suggested readings, and an index.

Clipp, K. B., & Cox, B. (1994). Sensory awareness and music focus: Protocols for environmental enrichment for seniors. Maryland: Chess Publications. 232 East University Parkway. Baltimore.
Call #: RA 999. R42 C55 - UWEC McIntyre Library (Main Stacks).

This book outlines how the authors formed a group music experience for an average of ten geriatric patients in a state psychiatric hospital whose diagnoses included chronic schizophrenia, dementia, bipolar disorder, and major depression. It gives only one example of how to lead a successful group. The section on planning the formation of a group lists many questions which should be asked when forming a group. Following the plan, there are individual activities which were used in the group. Each activity includes a theme description along with the title, the environment created for the activity, cognitive, motor and expressive experiences, and additional sensory experiences. Suggestions include using pets as therapeutic tools, music acknowledgments, resource ideas, and a bibliography.

Cordrey, C. (1994). Hidden treasures: Music memory activities for people with Alzheimer's Maryland: ElderSong Publications. P.O. Box 74. Mt. Airy.
Call #: ML 3920. C617 - UWEC McIntyre Library (Main Stacks).

The activities in this book were developed to use music as a motivational tool to stimulate memories and experiences for the Alzheimer's disease client and to provide a means to express confused thoughts and feelings that they may be experiencing during the day. The book contains suggestions for setting up for success. For structuring a session, a general outline for each session is listed (introduction, movement, guided instrumental activities, target activity, and closing/good-bye). A collection of activities called "bag of tricks" are given, which can be added at any time to redirect clients during interruptions. Multiple target activities are given which emphasize orientation and remotivation through the use of reminiscing and music. The activity, goals, materials needed, and additional activities are listed. Song titles are given, and limited song lyrics in relation to the target activity are included. Resources for developing activities are listed at the end of the book.

Author: Donna Douglass, D. (1985). Accent on rhythm - music activities for the aged. Missouri: MMB Music. Contemporary Arts Building. 3526 Washington Avenue. St. Louis.
Call #: ML 3920.D78 1985 - UWEC McIntyre Library (Main Stacks).

One of the primary goals of a rehabilitation program is to provide some form of physical exercise, especially for those patients restricted to wheelchairs. For these types of programs, the patients need an incentive to attend an activity and need to be motivated into wanting to become active participants. Wheelchair eurhythmics and wheelchair folk dances are outlined with goals and objectives, meters, suggested songs, and actions. The wheelchair eurhythmics section contains activities for targeting gross motor movements on the upper and lower torso, and crossing the mid-line. The games with music section lists goals, equipment, preparation, playing, scoring, and winning procedures outlined for each game. There is also a section outlining production of a musical variety show within a given amount of time (approx. 4 weeks). The miscellaneous section lists goals and objectives for each activity (rhythm instruments, kitchen band, recreational instruments, listening to music, painting to music, group singing, basic conducting techniques, and auditory memory and visual tracking). The appendix contains charts which may be duplicated for data collection on individual patients.

Feil, N. (1991). Communicating with the "Alzheimer-type" population: The validation mehtod. New York: Edward Feil Productions Filmakers Library. 124 East 40th St. New York.
Call #: Videotape 3134 - UWEC McIntyre Library (IMC).

The book is divided into sections focusing on Alzheimer's Type Dementia and the Use of Validation, Validation in Practice, and Group Validation. Validation is based on the notion that there is a reason behind all behavior. Understanding why disoriented old-old (80-100+) people behave the way they do and accepting the way they behave is the key to Validating them. The section on Alzheimer's Type Dementia and the Use of Validation looks at the normal process of aging and human development, along with identifying the crucial social and psychological needs of the old-old, the concept of Validation, the characteristic stages of very old people who enter the final stage of life, and the Validation techniques that can help restore dignity in each stage of Resolution (final stage of life)-Malorientation, Time Confusion, Repetitive Motion, and Vegetation. There are case studies of individuals in each stage describing the physical and psychological characteristics typical of each stage, along with how Validation has helped both the disoriented old-old and the people who have cared for them. Also, there is research that has been conducted on the effects of Validation on the disoriented old-old, on the professionals who have cared for them, and on the families of disoriented old people. The final chapter of this section examines the differences between Validation and other interventions that are often used with disoriented older adults-reality orientation, behavior modification, psychotherapy, diversion, life review, reminiscence, and remotivation. Validation in Practice presents case studies of very old people in different stages of Resolution. Group Validation looks at setting up groups for Validation therapy.

Garnet, E. D. (1982). Chair exercise manual: An audio-assisted program of body dynamics. New Jersey: Princeton Book Company. P.O. Box 109. Princeton.
Call #: Multimedia 2672 - UWEC McIntyre Library (IMC).

Chair exercises are provided on audio cassettes and a transcription is printed in the manual. There are lesson plans geared toward use in community based facilities, retirement homes, convalescent hospitals, and sanitaria. The movement instruction is featured in the manual, along with pictures to demonstrate exercises and counter numbers next to the transcriptions. Music accompaniment is given on the tapes. The manual lists exercises which are performed on the tapes. Part III of the manual contains sample lesson plans.

Gaston, E. T. (1968). Music in therapy. New York: The Macmillan Company.
Call #: ML 3920. M897- UWEC McIntyre Library (Main Stacks).

This book focuses on delineating, defining, and explaining the processes by which music involves man and his responses to music in theory, practice, and research. Part VI focuses on music therapy for geriatric patients. The Geriatric Patient looks at aging and the use of music with geriatric patients. Music as a Means Toward Revitalization presents musical activities for geriatric patients, an example of a structured music therapy program in geriatrics, and a case report. An extensive list of references is given after each chapter.

Karras, C. (1994). Down memory lane. Maryland: ElderSong Publications. P.O. Box 74. Mt. Airy.
Call #: ML 3920. K28 1994 - UWEC McIntyre Library (Main Stacks).

The program/session guidelines can be easily adapted for use with older adults in nursing or retirement homes, community senior citizen organizations, adult daycare centers, senior church groups, or residential care facilities. Each of the thirty-four chapters have been written to include possible suggestions for music, visual aids, activities, and discussions. The questions in the discussion section are broad questions that can stimulate further discussion and encourage the group members to share more memories. Also included in the appendixes are an annotated resource list, an index to popular songs, and a quiz and game index for the chapters.

Karras, B. (1991). I hear memories! Maryland: ElderSong Publications. P.O. Box 74. Mt. Airy.
Call #: Tape 3674 - UWEC McIntyre Library (IMC).

The tape provides a listening environment for reminiscing and story-telling, along with mystery sounds that can be used as an identification game. There are fourteen episodes on Side A, accompanied in the guide by a description of sounds, discussion questions, suggestions for props to enhance the discussion, and songs to play or sing. The mystery sounds (Side B) are listed. Recommended resources are given.

Karras, B. (1988). With a smile and a song: Singing with seniors. Maryland: ElderSong Publications. P.O. Box 74. Mt. Airy.
Call #: ML 3920. K158 1988 - UWEC McIntyre Library (Main Stacks).

This is a book with song title lists for general sing-along sessions. Observations and suggestions are given for leading songs with impaired older adults. Song trivia, birthday, dancing, the funny side of love, the songs of Fred Astaire, and this is your life sing-along activities are documented with songs and stories. A resource list is also included.

Beckie Karras, B. (ed.). (1987). You bring out the music in me: Music in nursing homes. New York: The Hawthorne Press. 10 Alice Street. Binghamton.
Call #: ML 3920. Y68 1987 - UWEC McIntyre Library (Main Stacks).

This book is about bringing more music into nursing homes. The articles encompass both music therapy practice in gerontology as well as practical ideas and suggestions for activity directors who want to use music in their nursing home activities programs. Music Therapy: Its Historical Relationships and Value in Programs for the Long-Term Care Setting is an article which deals with the historical relationships of music, medicine and healing, and how music can effectively be used in relaxation and art groups with the elderly to encourage expression of feelings and increase socialization. Mood music is listed in categories by title and composer. A Justification of Music Therapy in the Nursing Home Setting stresses the importance of identifying which aspects of the activities program can be classified as therapeutic, and the effects of these therapies in regards to scientific research methods. Music and Dance: Tools for Reality Orientation presents a theoretical basis for implementing a music/dance-based reality orientation program for treating the mentally confused. Music and Movement for the Geriatric Resident gives suggestions for adding music to an already existing exercise group, how to set up a music exercise group, how to get geriatric residents dancing, and a brief discussion of rhythm instruments, Orff, and Eurhythmics. Adding Life to the Place:: Musical Activities in the Nursing Home includes activities such as music appreciation group, environmental music, musical games, including music bingo, sing-alongs, resident performance groups, and outside entertainment groups. English Handbells in Nursing Homes contains practical ideas and helps for starting a bell program in a facility. Music and Reminiscence: For Groups and Individuals includes background information on the use of reminiscence in a geriatric setting, along with practical suggestions and personal reminiscence examples. The Use of Music Therapy as an Individualized Activity gives examples of music sessions for the individuals who require individualized activities programming. Music Therapy and Hospice Care describes the hospice concept and illustrates how music therapy activities can be incorporated into the concept. References are given following each article, and a resource list is compiled at the end of the book.

Levete, G. (1982). No handicap to dance: Creative improvisation for people with and without disabilities. Massachusetts: Brookline Books. 29 Ware St. Cambridge.
Call #: GV 1799.2 .L42 1982 - UWEC McIntyre Library (Main Stacks).

The two main sections of this book are Workshops for Able or Physically Disabled Children and Adult Workshops for Able and Disabled Students. The practical guide suggests ways and ideas for creative movement/ improvisation sessions, and contains ideas which are simple to use if the reader has only a limited experience for dance and drama. All of the suggestions have been given to able and disabled people alike. The movement activities give the movement purpose, theme, and time allotted for the session. The Movement for Elderly or Stroke Patients gives suggestions for the tutor when working with an elderly group. The directions are given for physically and mentally toning the whole body. The sections for different age groups overlap, and may be used universally.

Lombardo, D. M. (ed.). (1994). Music bingo. New York: The Third Age Press. P.O. Box 1200 Mattituck.
Call #: Multimedia 3615 - UWEC McIntyre Library (IMC).

Music Bingo is a popular game with all ages, particularly among the elderly. It motivates older adults and helps them concentrate. The tape contains fifty songs, lasting approximately forty minutes total. Directions, suggestions, and alternative uses are given in the instructions.

Bill Messenger, B. (1995). The power of music: A complete music activities program for older adults. Maryland: Health Professions Press. Post Office Box 10624.Baltimore.
Call #: Tape 3763 - UWEC McIntyre Library (IMC).

The manual is divided into three parts: Action Songs, Songs for Successful Sing-Alongs, and Music for Reminiscing. The audiocassette contains piano accompaniment, singing, and narration. The manual gives suggestions for each song activity, along with the words to each song. In Part 2, Songs for Successful Sing-Alongs, 20 songs are given for use in a group of older people with and without dementia. The songs vary in mood from the reflective to the ridiculous, and when combined with the commentary supplied on the page facing the song as a bridge between songs, they constitute a complete hour of music activity that can be repeated on a regular basis. Musical notation and words have been included for the songs. Part 3, Music for Reminiscing, contains songs, quizzes, and anecdotes which appeal to people born in the 1920's and 1930's, especially the musical anecdotes, particularly if recordings by the original artists are played. The recordings are not included on the tape, but they are readily available on various albums and cassettes.

Reuer, B. & Crowe, B. (1994). Best practice in music therapy: Utilizing group percussion strategies for promoting volunteerism in the well oler adult. (manual); Volunteerism with a beat: Development of a well older adult volunteer group percussion program. (videotape). California: University Center on Aging. San Diego State University Foundation. 6505 Alvarado Road, Suite 211. San Diego.
Call #: Videotape 3066 - UWEC McIntyre Library (IMC).

The purpose of the manual is to prepare music therapists to work with well older adults in programs designed to train these seniors to conduct volunteer rhythm/drumming groups with peers in their communities. Specific approaches and strategies for maximizing participation, motivation and learning for the group are discussed. The specific group percussion/rhythm curriculum, designed to train senior volunteers in group percussion activities, is outlined. Goals and objectives for groups are listed, group facilitation principles are outlined, and the entire training experience including topics to cover, activities, and instruments needed, are given. The manual also includes information for the music therapist on how to develop materials and handouts, funding and marketing the volunteer training classes, information on networking with aging organizations, and guidance on how to make a successful presentation. The short videotape shows how volunteering to form a group percussion program can be motivating and rewarding to seniors at a senior center. Group members of the pilot group share their feelings on the benefits of participating in the percussion group.

Rophone, M. (1984). Kate Smith on the air! Connecticut: Radiola and Sandy Hook Records. Radio Yesteryear. Box C. Sandy Hook.
Call #: Tape 3756 - UWEC McIntyre Library (IMC).

This audiocassette contains rare radio recordings from the 1940's and 1950's by the 'Songbird of the South', Kate Smith. The songs were originally performed during "The Kate Smith Hour". Included songs are listed on the audiocassette jacket.

Schulberg, C. H. (1986). The music therapy sourcebook: A collection of activities categorized and analyzed. New York: Human Sciences Press. 233 Spring Street. New York.
Call #: ML 3920. S3627 1986 - UWEC McIntyre Library (Main Stacks).

This book is a collection of music therapy activities for a wide variety of populations of varying ages and abilities. Chapters include music and relaxation, music and singing, music and games, music and exercise, music and dance, music appreciation, working with instruments, music and creativity, music and art, music and bibliotherapy, music and drama, Orff and Kodaly, eurhythmics, guided imagery, music therapy in the community, music therapy and transactional analysis, developmental music therapy, music therapy and music education, musical productions, and psychiatric musicology. Each activity listed in the chapters is broken down into ten areas to analyze the components of each activity (1-purpose of the activity, 2-procedure for action, 3-rules for governing action, 4-number of required participants, 5-roles of participants, 6-results or payoff, 7-abilities and skills required for action, 8-interaction patterns, 9-physical setting and environmental requirements, 10-required equipment). Appendix A contains summaries of films, videotapes, and recordings, along with recommendations for an appropriate audience for each. Appendix B is a list of the interaction patterns defined in Avedon's model, which allows for the delineation of the various elements of an activity. Appendix C contains creative arts therapy organizations and material and equipment suppliers. There is a bibliography of books and articles, along with an index.

Shaw, J. (1993). The joy of music in maturity. Missouri: MMB Music. 10370 Page Industrial Boulevard. St. Louis.
Call #: ML 3920. S425 1993 - UWEC McIntyre Library (Main Stacks).

The programs presented in this book have applications for nursing homes, senior citizen and retirement centers, day care centers, geriatric hospital units, and other senior settings. Possible psychological, physical, social, and educational goals are listed along with the rationale for monthly programming. The format of each month is designed for a weekly hour long session of the theme for the month. Each session describes the monthly theme, the theme for the day, advanced preparation, pre-session, opening, guided imagery, greeting, exercise, reminiscence, group singing, education, song identification, solo time, rhythm band, closing, assignment, and resources. These components are just suggestions for the sessions which may be modified for the specific needs of the residents. Song suggestions and songsheet handouts for photocopying are included for each session. A general index, song title index, and resource lists are included.

Vera Slabey, V. (?). Music involvement: Energy from our elders. Wisconsin: Music Involvement. Mt. Matthew Press. Durand.
Call #: ML 3920. S66 - UWEC McIntyre Library (Main Stacks).

Music Involvement is a planned program utilizing the expressive arts, tailored to a specific facility, group or individual and based upon the principles of music therapy. Music involvement programs can be developed for nursing homes, retirement complexes, senior citizen centers, group homes for developmentally disabled citizens, alcohol and chemical dependency clinics, and community mental health centers and programs, along with private music therapy studios. The book documents personal experiences with music involvement. The excerpts are taken from the Music Involvement Newsletter.

Vera Slabey, V. (1985). Music involvement for nursing homes. Wisconsin: Music Involvement. Mt. Matthew Press. Durand.
Call #: ML 3920. S52 - UWEC McIntyre Library (Main Stacks).

Music involvement is based upon music therapy principles, utilizes the expressive arts, and emphasizes the involvement of nursing home residents, staff and community. Its prime concern is for the dignity of and respect for the individual. Imagination, adaptability, and attitude will determine how this manual can serve its users, yet there are suggestions for its use. There is a monthly chronological listing for 36 group sessions, followed by hints for more sessions. Each activity lists needs and procedures. Part III explains the causes of depression in nursing home residents, describes a significant non-music/others volunteer program, and describes how to initially develop a nursing home music involvement program.

Linda Teri, L., & Lewinsohn, P. M. (1986). Geropsychological assessment and treatment: Selected topics. New York: Springer Publishing Company. 536 Broadway. New York.
Call #: RC 451.4. A5 G49 - UWEC McIntyre Library (Main Stacks).

The chapters in this book attempt to provide an integration of knowledge about specific assessment and treatment strategies for use with older adults. Approaches to neuropsychological assessment, neuropsychological examinations, comprehensive test batteries, and special considerations for elderly persons are followed by case illustrations. Functional assessment is outlined as a broader, more eclectic, less profession-specific form of assessment. Assessment procedures, the relation of assessment to intervention, and detailed case illustrations are given. Excess disability is discussed through assessment and exercise management. Behavioral methods for increasing and maintaining strength, endurance, flexibility, and cardiovascular fitness in the elderly are described. There is a description of the most severe behavior problems encountered in institutions for the elderly, the variables which may contribute to these problems, ways to assess and treat the problems, and a case illustration showing these techniques being utilized. Strategies are offered for assessing and treating sexual problems in older individuals and couples, and for helping non-clinical aging populations preserve the integrity of their sexuality. References are given at the end of each chapter pertaining to topics discussed in that chapter.

Teri, L. (?). Managing and understanding behavior problems in Alzheimer's Disease. Alzheimer's Disease Research Center. University of Washington.
Call #: Videotape 3120 - UWEC McIntyre Library (IMC).

The manual which accompanies the ten videotapes is a summary of the information covered on each videotape. The modules focus on an overview of Alzheimer's disease and related diseases, delirium and depression, an introduction to observing behaviors (antecedent behavior, consequences), managing aggressive behavior (anger and irritation, catastrophic reactions), managing psychotic behavior (language deficits), managing psychotic behaviors (hallucination and delusion, paranoia and suspiciousness), managing personal hygiene (bathing and dressing), managing difficult behaviors (wandering and inappropriate sexual behaviors), managing difficult behaviors (depression), and caregiver issues. The videotapes are narrated by Linda Teri, and include elderly person examples. The videotapes vary in time length.

Theiss, J., & Fischer, L. (1977). Music hath power. Jane Theiss. 1317 South Carson Street. Carson City, Nevada.; Lorine Fischer. 333 South Arlington Blvd. Amery, Wisconsin.
Call #: ML 3920. T44 - UWEC McIntyre Library (Main Stacks).

This is a handbook/source book for goals and musical activities in schools, health care facilities, and clubs. Social, physical, and emotional goals are described in relation to everyday experiences. The Patterns of Motion section includes goals to improve posture, to move muscles, to improve respiration, and to strengthen the muscles of speech. Melodies, dance accompaniments, and words to songs are listed directly below the goals. Directions for each activity are also given.

US Department of Health and Human Services. (1994). A rhythmic sensorimotor therapy program to improve Gait Training in Parkinson Disease patients and healthy elderly. Colorado: Center for BioMedical Research in Music. Colorado State University. Fort Collins.
Call #: HE 1.1002: P22 - UWEC McIntyre Library (Government Publication, Microfiche).

This publication is the final grant report and detailed results of "Parkinson's Home Gait Training: A Study of Rhythmic Auditory Stimulus Based Therapy". The project investigated the use of rhythmic auditory stimulation to improve gait ability in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients and healthy elderly. It was sponsored by the Administration on Aging. It includes an introduction, and descriptions of experimental methods, results, data gathered, and discussion. The goal of rhythmic auditory stimulus (RAS) was to increase the normal gait velocity of Parkinson's disease patients. RAS training by PD patients improves gait after only three weeks. Rhythmic auditory stimulus resulted in an increase in normal walking speed, cadence, and stride length. Walking was done with music at three different tempos for five minutes at each tempo. Data tables and data processing are given.

United States Senate, Special Committee on Aging. (1991). Forever young: music and aging. Washington D. C.: US Government Printing Office. Superintendent of Documents. Mail Stop: SSOP.
Call #: Y 4.Ag 4: S.hrg.102-545 - UWEC McIntyre Library (Government Publications, Stacks).

This book is a transcript from the US Senate, Special Committee on Aging hearing that was held on August 1, 1992. It documents statements by committee members, witnesses, and copies of submitted testimonies in regards to music and the elderly. The testimonies focused on the benefits of music as a specific therapeutic modality used to regain and maintain physical and mental health and positively influence the quality of life for older citizens. "Music Therapy for Older Americans Act", a bill introduced by Senator Harry Reid, on September 18, 1991, was passed by the US Senate on November 12, 1991 as part of an Older American Act reauthorization bill. On April 9, 1992, the House of Representatives passed all of the provisions approved by the Senate. At the time of the printing, a final version of the legislation had not yet been signed into law by the President. The provisions regarding music therapy, which were approved by the Senate and the House, are listed at the end of the book, in Item 9.