A-Z List

Autism Spectrum Disorder

Please note that the designation Autism is used in many of the original articles. Today the correct terminology is Autism Spectrum Disorder. You may find the abbreviation ASD used in the literature.

Goals and Methodologies

by various students
May 9, 2000


Problem Areas, Goals, & Activities

Compliled by Katie Lederer & Thea Morton
May 9, 2000

  1. low self-esteem improve self image play therapy
  2. poor communication increase communication singing games
  3. negative impulses use energy purposefully playing instruments
  4. maladaptive behavior reduce maladaptive behavior dancing; Nordoff-Robbins approach
  5. self-absorption increase response to Nordoff-Robbins an immediate environment approach
  6. lack of appropriate develop social interaction improvisation social skills
  7. isolation increase interaction Nordoff-Robbins approach
  8. dependency increase independence playing instruments
  9. unable to express feelings develop awareness of and Nordoff-Robbins ability to show emotions approach
  10. poor fine motor skills improve fine motor skills dancing; playing instruments
  11. poor auditory perception maximize auditory skills/ imitation play using voice and/or develop compensatory instruments strategies
  12. scarce attending behavior increase attending behavior ROM keyboard (with blinking keys or lights indicating which keysto depress), ocean drum
  13. poor organizational skills develop organizational skills singing games, playing instruments

USEFUL INSTRUMENTS:

  • rainstick
  • uli-uli's
  • ocean drum
  • kokiriko
  • chime tree
  • ROM keyboard
  • homemade shaker using 2-liter pop bottle with spaghetti inside
  • homemade popping board wrapped in aluminum foil and covered with large rubber bands

STIMULATION CORNER: Place colored lights at ceiling with Christmas cotton used for decorative snow beneath lights. Make sure material used is non-flammable. Suspend curly ribbons and large jingle bells from the ceiling. Place aluminum foil or reflective gold wrapping paper on ceiling and on table below ceiling area that is decorated. Place fan on table. Place tape player with adaptive switch on table. Place a bubble-blowing bear on the table. Suspend see-through scarves from ceiling. Suspend squeeze-activated penlights from the ceiling.

STIMULATION BOX: Use a large box from oven or refrigerator. Decorate it on the outside with bright colors. Cut a hole in the top and suspend jingle bells, spoons, penlights, etc. down into the box. Place different types of textures in the box on the sides and tops using material samples (velvet, fur, corduroy, dotted swiss, etc.).

Problem Areas, Goals, & Activities

Compiled by Kirsten Coons
May 9, 2000

  1. low self-esteem improve self image play therapy
  2. poor communication increase communication singing games
  3. negative impulses use energy purposefully playing instruments
  4. maladaptive behavior reduce maladaptive behavior dancing; Nordoff- Robbins approach
  5. isolated increase interaction Nordoff-Robbins approach
  6. dependent increase independence playing instruments
  7. unable to express feelings show emotions Nordoff-Robbins approach
  8. poor fine/gross motor skills improve skills dance, playing instruments
  9. poor auditory perception help auditory skills imitation play
  10. scarce attending behavior increase attending behavior ROM keyboard ocean drum