A-Z List


Bereavement

Goals and Methodologies

by Heather Evanson - May 9, 2000


Problem Areas for Clients

  • Anxiety
  • Fear of Death
  • Uncertainty
  • Low Self-esteem
  • Self Absorption
  • Depression
  • Financial and Family Worries
  • Anticipation of Pain
  • Loneliness
  • Anger

Music therapy goals for targeting these problem areas

  • Relaxation
  • Distraction from Pain
  • Anxiety Reduction
  • Life Review
  • Expression of Feelings
  • Open Lines of Communication
  • Family Acceptance of Death
  • Processing Feelings at Comfortable Pace
  • Creating Positive Mood
  • Anger Management
  • Reminiscence
  • Promoting Comfort

Music Therapy methods used for treatment

  • Lyric Substitution
  • Song Writing
  • Playing/Singing Familiar Song
  • Playing/Discussing Songs with Distinctive Lyrics
  • Family Music Therapy Session
  • Listening to Live Performance
  • Improvisational Drumming
  • Interpretive Sign Language
  • Interpretive Dance
  • Musical Puppet Play/Drama