Introduction

When people think about being environmentally friendly and ways to help, their own health is not necessarily the first idea they come up with to help. It is also known that college students are prone to certain illnesses because of their constricted living conditions. The following are a few of the most common illnesses in the college population. Prevention of these illnesses is a great way to help keep our environment safe. How is staying healthy help the environment? Well, less antibiotics need to be used which reduces antibiotic resistance in our environment.

Common Cold

The common cold is a viral infection in the respiratory tract which can lead to bronchitis and pneumonia if not treated properly.  A cold is a virus which means it cannot be treated with antibiotics.

Symptoms Treatment Prevention  
  • Runny nose
  • Cough
  • Sneezing
  • Headache
  • Body ache
  • Antihistamines
  • Decongestants
  • Proper hand washing
  • Drink water
  • Exercise
  • Eat healthy

 

Influenza

The Flu, is a highly contagious virus that most commonly attacks the lungs.  When not treated, it can also lead to pneumonia.

Symptoms Treatment Prevention  
  • Muscle ache
  • Weakness
  • Runny nose
  • Fever lasting 2-3 days
  • Tiredness
  • Sore throat
  • Headache
  • Cough
  • Rest
  • Tylenol
  • Ibuprofen
  • Drinking f luids
  • Vaccinations
  • Eating Healthy
  • Excersize
  • Proper Handwashing
  • Drink water

 

Sinusitis

Most, but not all, cases of sinusitis start with the common cold. 

Symptoms Treatment Prevention  
  • Fever, tired, swollen eyes
  • Sore throat
  • Stuffy or runny nose
  • Weakness, ear aches
  • Night cough, forehead pain
  • Tenderness of the face
  • Rest
  • Drink fluids
  • Antibiotics
  • Washing hands
  • Healthy diet
  • Exercise
  • Drink water

 

Streptococcal

Step throat is caused by the bacteria Streptococcus and is very contagious.

Symptoms Treatment Prevention  
  • Sore throat
  • Fever
  • Swollen neck glands
  • Antibiotics
  • Rest
  • Washing hands
  • Healthy diet
  • Exercise
  • Drink water
  • Avoid Contagious People

 

Meningitis

Meningitis is contagious. It is infectious and can be either viral or bacterial. Meningitis is inflammation of the membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord.  If meningitis is left untreated, it can be fatal. 

Symptoms Treatment Prevention  
  • Fever, chills,
  • Headache, nausea,
  • Vomiting, stiff neck,
  • Confusion
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Bacterial: Antibiotics
  • Viral: goes away within two weeks
  • Washing hands
  • Healthy diet
  • Exercise
  • Drink water
  • Vaccination

 

Mononucleosis

Mononucleosis commonly known as mono or the “kissing disease” and is usually transmitted through saliva and mucous.

Symptoms-fever, swollen glands, tonsillitis, tiredness Treatment-bed rest, no strenuous activities Prevention-healthy lifestyle, stay away from contagious people

Symptoms Treatment Prevention  
  • Fever
  • Swollen glands
  • Tonsillitis
  • Tiredness
  • Bed rest
  • No strenuous activities
  • Washing hands
  • Healthy diet
  • Exercise
  • Drink water

 

Upper Respiratory Infection

The upper respiratory system includes the ears, nose, sinuses, mouth, and throat. A simple common cold can be a URI.

Symptoms Treatment Prevention  
  • Runny or stuffy nose
  • Loss of appetite
  • Sore throat
  • Muscle aches
  • Fever, cough,
  • Headache, ear pain
  • Decongestants
  • Rest
  • Drink fuids
  • Washing hands
  • Healthy diet
  • Exercise
  • Drink water
  • Treat colds quickly

 

Be a Healthy Student

Sources

www.uu.edu

www.webmd.com

www.ecampustours.com

www.health.com