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Amazing Caves

Hidden River Cave: Horse Cave Kentucky

The Hidden River Cave located in Horse Cave Kentucky, it is believed that the cave was discovered sometime in the 1700's. The theory is that "horse" was used to reflect the large size of the opening to Hidden River Cave, such as the terms "horse fly" or "so hungry I could eat a horse."  There's also a legend that a settler's horse fell into a sinkhole and several days later was found roaming the caverns, hence the name "Horse Cave."  Story also has it that during the late 1700s horse thieves utilized Hidden River Cave, due to its proximity to the railway, as a hideaway for stolen goods.  This site may have been an early horse well, a water well powered by horses. Horse Cave is one of three towns that make up the "caveland" east of Mammoth Cave National Park. The others are in Barren County; Cave City, which lies just south of Horse Cave on U.S. 31W, and Park City, a few miles south of Cave City.



Cave of the Mounds: Blue Mounds, Wisconsin

Cave of the Mounds is located off U.S. Highways 18 and 151 in Blue Mounds, WI.  Known for its varied collection of stalagmites, stalactites, and other formations, the cave was named a National Natural Landmark by The United States Department of the Interior and the National Park in 1988. The main cavern in the Cave of the Mounds was formed over one million years ago as a result of acidic water dissolving limestone bedrock below the surface.  Water flowing from an underground stream formed the lower portion of the cave.

The cave got its name from the Blue Mounds, two large hills in Wisconsin.  The West Mound (1716 feet) is the highest point in southern Wisconsin.  The East Mound, where the Cave of the Mounds is located, reaches 1488 feet.  Ebenezer Brigham, a lead miner who became the first settler of Dane County, settled in this area.  The Cave of the Mounds was accidentally discovered in August 4th, 1939.  Workers on Brigham’s farm were blasting limestone from a quarry, which revealed the cave.  In May, 1940, the cave was opened to visitors.

Cave of the Mounds


Other Links of Interest

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Chris Below and Scott Lutgen

belowcs@uwec.edu or lutgensa@uwec.edu