Lecture Outlines

 

 

 

 

 

 

Material for Exam III

 

Family (PPT Slides)

Becky’s Slides

 

Family

           

4 Functions of the Family

        Changes in the Family

        Characteristics of a Traditional/Modern Family

Characteristics of a Postmodern Family

 

Sex and Gender

 

Know the difference between Sex and Gender

Gender roles

 

Race (PPT)


 

Material for Exam II

 

 

Crime and Deviance

 

        Definition of Deviance

 

        4 Questions about crime and deviance:

         Why are some behaviors defined as criminal while others aren’t?

         Who gets to decide what is defined as criminal?

         Who becomes criminal?

         Why do people become criminal?

 

 

Theories of Crime (PPT Slides)

 

3 Social Foundations of crime and deviance

 

Social Conflict Theory of Crime

Crime is a function of class conflict between the wealthy and powerful and those who lack wealth and power

                Definitions of white collar and corporate crime.

                   Problems with the theory

        Structural Functionalist Theory of Crime

                Definition of anomie

                   4 Functions of crime

                   Merton’s Structural Strain Theory

                             Responses to this strain

                             Flaws to the theory

          Symbolic Interactionist Theory of Crime

                Sutherland’s Differential Association

                   4 Dimensions to interaction

                   Flaws of the theory

        Lemert’s Labeling Theory

                 What does it try to address?

                 Problems with the theory

Characteristics of street criminals

      Groups (PPT Slides)

Groups      

       Definitions of groups, categories, crowds

        Primary vs Secondary groups

        In-groups vs Out-groups

Milgram’s Obedience Study

        Basic premise

        Variations

        Reasons criticized

Asch’s Conformity Studies

        Premise

        Conditions affecting conformity (4)

Janis – Groupthink

        What is it

        Conditions for group think (4)

        How to Avoid Groupthink

Inequality

      Meritocracy

        Relationship between opportunity and conditions

        Caste/class system


Inequality (PPT Slides)

 

 


 

 

What is Sociology?

 

 

The Sociological Perspective (PPT Slides)

           

What is it?

 

            In what three ways does it differ from other perspectives?

           

                        1) Questions

                   2) Assumptions

                   3) Orientations

 

 

Sociological Theory (PPT Slides)

 

 

Why are these theories useful?

 

            What are the three main sociological theories?

 

                        1) Symbolic Interaction

                   2) Social Conflict

                   3) Structure Functionalist

 

                        Components of each theory:

                   Nature of Society

                   Major Theorists

                   Focus

                   Goal

                   Fact-Gathering Method

 

          * Chart of sociological theories on website

 

How to Lie With Statistics (PPT Slides)

 

Qualities of Scientific Research

 

Steps of the Scientific Method

 

Sample and population

 

Quality of instrument

         

Statistical method

 

Presentation of results

 

Random error

 

          Important concepts

                  

                   Representative sample

                   Repeatability

                   Accurateness

                   Correlation is not causation

Mean

          Median

          Mode

 

 

* Refer to power points and class examples

        

 

Culture (PPT Slides)

 

Subculture

 

Counterculture

 

Elements of culture

 

          Language

          Norms

          Values

          Rituals

          Beliefs

          Technology

Robin Williams Basic American Values

 

Functions of culture

 

Global culture

 

Social structure

 

Important concepts

         

Language reflects and changes

          Prescriptive norms

          Proscriptive norms

          Norms

                   Folkways

Mores

Taboos

          Sanctions

                   Formal

                   Informal

                   Law

          Statuses

                   Ascribed

                   Achieved

          Roles

          Institutions

 

Role conflict vs. Role strain

 

Cultural relativity and ethnocentrism

 

Socialization

 

          Nature vs. Nurture

         

Symbolic Interactionist approach to developing a self

                  

Charles Horton Cooley’s Looking-glass self

                  

George Herbert Mead’s “I & Me”

 

Keys to Interaction

          Default assumptions

          Definition of the situation

          Presentation of self

         

Important Concepts

          Agents of socialization

 

EXAM

 

25 Multiple choice = 50 pts (2 pts each)

 

2 Short answer = 2-4 pts 

                                                     ] Total =15pts

         1 Essay = 5-7 pts

              A fictionalized set of results (similar to the violence on TV assignment)

              Explain why it’s garbage

 

            70 % Lecture-short answer and essay

             30 % Text-multiple choice

          

         Review complete and accurate notes

         Use lecture outline as review, key points, power point slides

         Look at italicized and boldface concepts in text

         Know main points of essays/readings

          Look at sample questions

         

         

 

 

 

 

 

 

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