A-Z List

Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID)

Internet Articles

Online References

Internet Address: http://www.dissociation.com/index2.html

All About Multiple Personalities. Online. Internet. 30 October 1998.

This site was developed by Drs. Allison and Marie McKenzie. Between the two, they have had 70 years of dealing with Multiple Personality Disorder (MPD). Their goal is to offer help to people with MPD and to develop psychological integrasion, which means to achieve psychological wellness. If a person with MPD goes untreated, it creates a domino effect on the family members and the community if they are uninformed about the disorder. Music can, and will bring people together, especially family. Simple actions of just gathering around the piano for a favorite family song can create bonding and fun times. Also, if it is hard to talk about a subject with someone, having him or her listen to a song that expresses your emotions without you saying a word can open a line of communication. People visiting this website are welcome to e-mail Drs. Allison or Marie McKenzie about MPD cases.

Internet Address: http://noah.cuny.edu/illness/mentalhealth/cornell/conditions/dissocid.html

Ask NOAH about: Mental Health-Fact Sheet: Dissociative Identity Disorder (Formerly called Multiple Personality Disorder). Online. Internet. 30 October 1998.

This page is from The New York Hospital-Cornell Medical Center, Department of Psychiatric Nursing. Their definition of Dissociative Identity Disorder is "the existence within a person of two or more distinct personalities or personality states, each of which may be experienced as if it has a distinct personal history, self-image, and identity, including a separate name." The cause is attributed to severe and prolonged emotional trauma or physical or sexual abuse during childhood. The disorder usually begins in childhood but probably won’t be noticed by others until later, is more common in women, and has varying degrees of dissociation. Treatment usually includes therapy, medications, and support groups. Sometimes hospitalization is necessary if patients are a threat to themselves and/or others. Some icebreaker activities with music include song writing, puppet playing, charades with instruments, or "win, lose, or draw" with song titles. Dance can also be therapeutic.

Internet Address: http://www.nami.org/helpline/whatdiss.html

Dissociative Disorders: What Are They? Online. Internet. 30 October 1998.

This site is from NAMI (National Alliance for the Mentally Ill). It provides characteristics of dissociative disorders, explaining interruption of consciousness, dissociation stemmed by trauma, the dissociation as a coping mechanism, and symptoms that can be seen in other mental illnesses such as depression. Examples of other dissociative disorders other than identity are also described, including dissociative amnesia, dissociative fugue, and depersonalization disorder. Dissociative Identity Disorder is described as the most famous of the dissociative disorders. A different personality state surfaces on a recurring basis, and the person has memory gaps. Treatments given here suggest drugs; for example, antidepressants can help control the problem. In these cases music can help relieve depression. For example, you can make a tape of your favorite songs and listen to them when you are sad, thus isolating, and then changing your mood.

Internet Address: http://members.tripod.om/~Mcronin2Therapy/index.html

What is DID (Dissociative Identity Disorder)? Online. Internet. 30 October 1998.

Marie, the creator of this page, describes DID as a coping disorder to protect the conscious mind of trauma from the past. The disorder is commonly misdiagnosed. Personality splitting occurs earlier than perceived, even as young as between 3 & 6 years of age. Alternate personalities (called alters) that may be fully developed or fragmented are given a job to protect and keep the trauma a secret along with the secret’s effects. Music can ease this transition. Music is always there to fall back on to help someone cope with problems. Also, listening to songs to express emotions offers support and may serve as a healthy outlet.

Internet Address: http://fly.hiwaay.net/~garson/terre2.htm

From pieces to peace by Terre Seuss. Online. Internet. 30 October 1998.

This article is about a woman named Josie Decker. She suffers from Dissociative Identity Disorder. When she was a child, her uncle abused her every summer. By the age of 12 she began drinking and became known as a "bad girl." This led to being raped by a local boy and she became pregnant. Her parents had her put the baby up for adoption. Josie’s first love was with a teenage girl that she kept secret. After her girlfriend had committed suicide, she decided to change her life to become a better person. She married a man who treated her very well but didn’t want her to be employed. That ended the marriage. She married another man who abused her, and they had an unplanned pregnancy that led to an abortion. After all of this she decided to go to therapy. Since she was experiencing blackouts, and became angry and hostile often, she was admitted to a local hospital psychiatric unit. She continued her therapy being misdiagnosed several times. Finally at the age of 53 she was told she had DID. The doctors and therapists told her there wasn’t much hope for her because of her age. After two years of being under unorthodox ways of being treated for DID, she found a new therapist who practiced in a safe way to help her begin her new life. Josie then fell in love with a wonderful woman with whom she has lived with for 5 years. Now she reports that she is finally happy. Josie’s childhood could have been easier with the use of music. The transition from childhood to adolescence is a hard one. Activities such as sports and music have been shown to help ease that period. When Josie became older and had a tendency to become hostile often, music could have been used to calm her down. Music can help a range of emotions, offering an outlet for happiness and support for downtimes. Songwriting can be one of those expressions.