Chapter 17 - Medical Treatment Settings

p. 281

According to Standley's meta analysis of research literature related to the use of music in medical treatment, does live music or recorded music yield the best results?


According to Standley's meta analysis of research literature related to the use of music in medical treatment, does music chosen by the music therapist or the preferred music of the patient yield the best results?

p. 281 - 282

How did Maranto differentiate using music AS medicine and using music IN medicine?


Crowe identified five adjunctive uses of music in the general hospital setting:






How can music therapy reduce costs of hospitalization?



p. 283 -284

In addition to pain relief other goals for music therapy in a hospital setting include:


















p. 284

Five goals for using music in labor and delivery are:







McKinney found that music therapy helped to shorten __________ and reduce obstetrical ________________as well as increase the patient's ____________

____________________through the alleviation of __________and the reduction of



In what two ways did your text report that music has been used to integrate siblings of the newborn into the birth experience?




What effect does rhythmic stimulation of the mother's heartbeat have on newborns?


What contribution did Murooka make to the use of music with newborns?



In low birthweight infants short periods of listening to lullabies reduced their ____________ and had positive effects on oxygen ______________ levels, _______ rate, and _______________ rate.

Presenting taped lullabies and children's songs in 30-minute increments to infants in the newborn intensive care unit significantly reduced initial ____________ loss, increased _____________ intake and average daily __________________, and decreased both the time in the _______________ and the total _____________________.

p. 286

Why is music helpful in promoting bonding between newborns and parents?


In addition to facilitating pain management and tension/anxiety reduction, music therapy interventions can provide (a) opportunities for expressing and dealing with ________________ related to hospitalization, injury or one's medical condition, (b) _____________________ experiences and opportunities for __________________, (c) _____________________ experiences that provide opportunities to continue __________________________________________

________________________, and (d) _________________experiences that help children with chronic conditions or traumatic injuries fit the ___________ that result from the injury or medical condition into their lives so they can make ___________________________________________________________.

According to your lecture (not in text), what 4 respiratory functions were affected in a statistically significant manner through playing harmonica?



According to your lecture (not in text), what is a tune up for children with cystic fibrosis?



p. 289

According to Cowan and Mandel, choosing music during surgery gives patients control and tends to decrease the need for _________________, facilitating both the patient's _____________to surgery and ______________.

Patients undergoing punch biopsy in-office gynecological procedures showed significantly lower ____________________ rates and overt pain scores when they used music listening combined with _____________________________, as compared with nonmusic controls. In addition, those using the music had fewer ______________________________________ and required less ______ to complete the medical procedures.

While listening to pre-selected music through headphones can decrease anxiety and reduce the need for anesthesia, the presence of the _____________________ can also be very important in helping patients achieve optimum benefits from music interventions.

According to your classroom lecture (not in the text), what roles did Lee Anna explain that music therapy played with patients who received transplants?




p. 290

Listening to special programs of taped music can increase the _________ tolerance of patients in coronary intensive care units while helping to decrease their ________ rates and lessen ___________ and ______________.


According to Spintge and Droh, patients who listened to anxiolytic music consistently demonstrated a statistically significant reduction of stress response in the ____________________________________________ systems.


MacNay found that adding preferred music to a cardiac rehabilitation exercise program decreased the patients' perceived feelings of _____________ and estimations of _________ spent exercising and increased positive ___________.

p. 291

According to your text, music therapy with burn patients may provide sensory stimulation and reduce _______________ deprivation that may be associated with the hospital environment; help distract from or reduce the _______ associated with the burns, dressing changes, debridement, or skin graft operations; motivate ________________ movement and exercise necessary for rehabilitation; facilitate ________________________ and stress ____________, and encourage deep _____________________ to help restore __________________ function and prevent _____________________ complications.

In addition to these goals, according to your classroom lecture (not in text), what important goal areas did Lee Anna cite as primary therapeutic working arenas for patients with burns?


According to your classroom lecture (not in text), what type of music did Lee Anna say worked best during the debridement process?


p. 291 - 292

According to Taylor, normally, an aversive stimulus, such as the invasive hemodialysis procedure, would produce reactions from the amygdala and hypothalamus that would produce blood ____________ changes and release of __________________ hormones. With musically stimulated impulses occupying neural pathways throughout the brain, the orbitofrontal cortex is less able to focus on self-concerns in determining emotional responses. The positive responses are ______________ and replicated as the individual's brain stores conditioned _______________ responses resulting from the effects of music on the medial division of the medial geniculate __________ in the thalamus.


p. 292

In addition to exercising the lungs and requiring individuals to use about 90 % of their _____________________, singing stimulates the ____________ reflex and helps patients with _____________ respiratory conditions clear ___________________ from their airways.

According to your Overview lecture (not in text), what substance was studied in the saliva before and after singing in Dr. Deforia Lane's "spit and sing" research?

Did it increase, stay the same, or decrease  in presence after singing and what did this indicate?


p. 293 and from overview lecture:

What happened to cortisol and Interleukin - 1 levels when research subjects listened to relaxing selections of music from their preferred genre?


According to  your classroom lecture (not in text), what did Lee Anna report about the usefulness of music therapy before, during, and after bone marrow aspirations? Be sure to describe the 3 differing roles of music therapy for each time period.




p. 294

What has research shown about the use of music with patients who have headaches?




Performing arts medicine focuses on two areas: