PAPER WRITING GUIDELINES AND TIPS

Click below to view the following examples:
paper topic
paper outline
paper sources
paper summary
sample paper

GENERAL GUIDELINES
If you are uncertain whether or not you should cite the author(s) - do it.
If you directly quote another article, you need to specify the page i
n which it appeared (Patchin, 2004:112).
You do not need to state the name of the article or journal in the text.
Include a title page with the title of the paper, author name, course name/section, and date.
Left justify.
Double space.
Type two spaces after periods (APA requires 1 space, but whatever you do be consistent).
Page numbers should be included on all pages except the title page.
Use subject headings to structure your paper (Introduction, Literature Review, Analysis, Discussion, Conclusion, etc.).
Use APA format for parenthetical citations.
Summarize the work of others in your own words.
If you have any questions, consult the APA Manual or the instructor.

APA STYLE
The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (5th edition) provides guidelines to authors that specify the organization and structure of a paper that is most conducive to the effective communication of an argument. In short, the APA guidelines help to make your paper easy to read and understand. While the Manual provides specific recommendations regarding content and organization of your paper, the Manual is most helpful in assisting with citation style. Because plagiarism is among the gravest of academic dishonesties, careful consideration of the APA guidelines is essential to ensure proper recognition of the work of others.

Here is some helpful information regarding formatting from the UW-Eau Claire Library website. Remember, in the social sciences we use APA format.
Here is some succinct info regarding APA format from the University of Indiana website.

CITING IN TEXT
Citing the work of others is an essential building block of developing a strong argument. Consider the following sentence: "Crime has increased dramatically in the last five years." If left uncited, the reader does not know on what the author is basing this assertion. A better sentence would be: "According to the FBI's Uniform Crime Reports (2004), crime has increased dramatically in the last five years."

WORKS CITED (or REFERENCE) PAGE
This is how you should structure your works cited page:

For journal articles:
Style: AuthorLastName, FirstInitial. MiddleInitial. (YEAR). Title of the article. Title of the Journal, Volume(Issue), pages.
Example: Patchin, J. W. (2004). Paper writing skills for criminal justice students. Journal of Criminal Justice Nonsense, 10(1), 1-31.

For books:
Style: AuthorLastName, FirstInitial. MiddleInitial. (YEAR). Title of the Book. City:Publisher.
Example: Patchin, J. W. (2004). Writing for Criminal Justice Dummies. East Lansing, MI: Michigan State University Press.

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