Whither the Public Sphere:
Prospects for Cybersphere


Abbott, E. A. (1992). Flatland: a romance of many dimensions. New York: Dover Publications.

Arato, A. (1981). Civil society vs. the state: Poland 1980- 81. Telos, 47, 23-47.

Christians, C. G. (1976). Jacques Ellul and democracy's `vital information' premise. Journalism Monographs, 45, 1-42.

Dahlgren, P. (1987). Ideology and information in the public sphere. In J. D. Slack, (Ed.), The ideology of the information age. Norwood, NJ: Ablex.

Dechert, C. R. (1966). The development of cybernetics. In C. R. Dechert (Ed.), The social impact of cybertnetics (pp. 11-37). Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press.

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Foucault, M. (1977). Discipline and punish. Harmondsworth, UK: Penquin.

Garnham, N. (1986). The media and the public sphere. In P. Golding (Ed.), Communication politics: mass communications and political process. Leicester, UK: Leicester University Press.

Gumpert, G. & Drucker, S. J. (1992). From the agora to the electronic shopping mall. Critical Studies in Mass Communication, 9,(2), 186-200.

Habermas, J. (1979). The structural transformation of the public sphere: an inquiry into a category of bourgeois society. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Harris, B. (1995). The geopolitics of cyberspace. Infobahn, 48-53, 86-87.

Higham, J. (1993). Multiculturalism and universalism: a history and critique. American Quarterly, 45, 195-220.

Holub, R. C. (1991). Jurgen Habermas: critic in the public sphere. New York: Routledge.

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Jakubowicz, K. (1994). Civil society, independent public sphere, and information society: an impossible combination? In S. Splichal, A. Calabrese, & C. Sparks, (Eds.), Information society and civil society (pp. 78-102). West Lafayette, IN: Purdue Research Foundation.

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Lipsitz, G. (1991). Time passages: collective memory and American popular culture. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.

Margulius, D. (1989, October). Your right to what Uncle Sam knows: Is big business pulling the plug? PC/Computing, 78-85.

Mathews, J. (1995, December 2). Gut feelings spur high- technology hits. The Washington Post, pp. F1, F7.

McChesney, R. W. (in press). The Internet and U.S. communication policymaking in historical and critical perspective. Journal of Communication.

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Negt, O. & Klug, A. (1993). Public sphere and experience: toward an analysis of the bourgeois and proletarian public sphere. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.

Newhagen, J. E., & Levy, M. R. (in press). The future of journalism in a distributed communication architecture.

Noelle-Neumann, E. (1974). Spiral of silence: a theory of public opinion. Journal of Communication, 24, 43-51.

Poster, M. (1995, November). The net as a public sphere? Wired, 135-136.

Potter, D. M. (1954). People of plenty: economic abundance and the American character. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

Spears, R., & Lea, M. (1994). Panacea or panopticon: the hidden power in computer-mediated communication. Communication Research, 21(4), 427-459.

Tehranian, M. (1990). Technologies of power: information machines and democratic prospects. Norwood, NJ: Ablex Publishing.

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