On April 29, 1991, a cyclone struck the country of Bangladesh, causing a massive storm surge and widespread flooding. Approximately 140,000 people perished in this disaster. Unfortunately, many of these deaths could have been prevented with the use of mitigation techniques and public warning systems. Although cyclones frequently hit this region of the world, this cyclone was one of the strongest hurricanes in recent history. The 270 km/hr wind speed caused a 6 meter high storm surge that flooded a large area of the country.
This cyclone was forecasted in advance, but the warning systems to alert people of the danger were lacking. This research will be on the present warning systems and several flood mitigation efforts that are already in place. Some new alternative procedures will be proposed as well. The physical geography of coastal Bangladesh and the storm surge analysis from this cyclone will be studied to reach to these conclusions.